Lhotse is one of the tallest mountains in the world and is within the Everest mastiff.
The name Lhotse is Tibetan for South Peak.
Why Is It Famous?
The fame of Lhotse mostly comes from its exceptional height as it is the fourth highest mountain in the world. The mountain measures 8,516 meters (or 27,940 feet).
Lhotse is close to Everest as it is part of the Everest mastiff. You can find this peak along the border separating Khumbu in Nepal from Tibet.
The 8,516-meter height of Lhotse refers to the main summit of the mountain. It also has several smaller peaks, including Lhotse Shar standing 8,383 meters and Lhotse Middle standing 8,414 meters.
Lhotse is known for the difficulty associated with its climb. In fact, Lhotse Shar has the worst fatality rate in the world out of the mountains that are over 8,000 meters tall. For every two people who reach the top, one dies trying. The difficulty of climbing Lhotse comes from its geology, such as its peculiar topography and ridges. Weather makes this worse, including tough ice and snow walls. Lhotse Middle is very jagged and sharp, making it incredibly challenging to climb.
Events in Time
One of the first attempts to climb Lhotse took place in 1955 by Norman Dyhrenfurth and the International Himalayan Expedition. The group, which also included two Austrians and two Swiss, reached 8,100 meters but could not go further due to low temperatures and strong winds. However, they were able to map the Everest area for the first time and make short films.
A Swiss team was the first to successfully climb Lhotse’s main summit in 1956, with the first climb of Lhotse Star in 1970. Lhotse Middle’s first ascent was not until 2001.
Lhotse is the fourth tallest mountain in the world and a challenging climb for those interested in the attempt.