Mount Logan is Canada’s highest mountain and the second-highest of North America’s peaks. The mountain’s name honors Sir William Edmond Logan, the Geological Survey of Canada founder and a Canadian geologist.
Why Is It Famous?
Mount Logan’s claim to fame comes from its height. At an elevation of 5,959 meters, it is the highest mountain in Canada. It is also the world’s sixth most prominent peak, with a prominence of 5,250 meters.
What Is Nearby?
The mountain is part of the Kluane National Park Reserve, which is in southwestern Yukon. This places it within 40 kilometers to the north of the Yukon border with Alaska.
Mount Logan serves as the source for both the Logan and the Hubbard glaciers. Geologists believe that it has the biggest base circumference of non-volcanic mountains. This includes a massif that features 11 peaks of over 5,000 meters. The tectonic uplifting is active, so Mount Logan is still growing.
Both on and near Mount Logan, the temperatures are very low. The plateau at 5,000 meters has an air temperature of about -45 degrees Celsius in winter. Air temperature in summer is near freezing, and the average yearly temperature is -27 degrees Celsius. As such, snow rarely melts, and there is a sizable ice cap of nearly 300 meters in spots.
Events In Time
In 1922, a geologist suggested that the Alpine Club of Canada attempt the first ascent of the mountain. The group wanted to do so in 1924 but had to wait a year due to delays in preparation and funding.
Before 1992, experts did not know Mount Logan’s exact elevation. A GSC expedition climbed it that year and used GPS to determine that it is 5,959 meters tall.
Mount Logan is Canada’s highest mountain and has a deep permanent ice cap due to its frigid temperatures.